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Symptoms

MS symptoms are varied and unpredictable, depending on which part of the central nervous system is affected and to what degree. No two cases of MS are the same and symptoms, depending on where MS lesions develop on the brain and spinal cord, can manifest in many different ways.
 
The symptoms can be any combination of the five major health problems, including:

 

For more information about symptoms

If you'd like to find out more about the types of symptoms people with MS experience click on the specific symptom for more detailed information.

 
PDF iconAtaxia and Tremor: Ataxia is a lack of coordination of muscle movements which can appear as clumsiness, unsteady gait, impaired eye and limb movements, speech problems and sometimes dizziness. Its impact varies and depends on which part, and how much, of the nervous system has been damaged by MS. learn more
 
PDF iconCognition: If you experience some form of cognitive change, you’re not alone. This change typically manifests as poor memory and trouble concentrating, and is often described by people with MS as ‘fuzziness’ or ‘brain fog’. learn more
 
PDF icon Continence care: Many people with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience some form of bladder or bowel issues. Incontinence is the most common symptom for people with MS - the severity and longevity varies from person to person. learn more
 
PDF iconDepression: Around half of people diagnosed will have a depressive episode - three times higher than for the general population. Identifying depression and seeking early treatment is key. With the right information and support, depression can be managed effectively to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle. learn more
 
PDF icon Fatigue: MS fatigue is common and can significantly disrupt your ability to work and function. Managing fatigue involves maximising and using energy efficiently. With the right information and support, MS fatigue can be minimised or managed effectively to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle. learn more
 
PDF icon Heat Sensititvity: People with MS often find that heat can make their symptoms worse – which symptom and the severity, varies from person to person. Whilst it’s common to experience a flare up of symptoms when hot, the effect is temporary and should calm down when you’re cool again. learn more
 
PDF icon Managing a Relapse: People living with multiple sclerosis (MS) may experience relapses - the frequency, severity and longevity varies from person to person. With the right information and support, relapses can be managed effectively to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle. learn more
 
PDF iconPain: Pain can be long lasting and impact daily life, or come in short irritating bouts. For many people with MS, pain may occur at any point, is often chronic and can be caused by other symptoms (like spasticity). learn more
 
PDF icon Sensory Symptoms: Many people with MS experience sensory symptoms in their skin. It’s often one of the first symptoms people notice - the severity and longevity varies from person to person. learn more
 
PDF icon Spasticity & spasms: Spasticity is a symptom of MS that causes your muscles to feel stiff, heavy and difficult to move. A spasm is a sudden stiffening of a muscle which may cause a limb to kick out or jerk towards your body. learn more
 
PDF iconSwallowing issues: Close to half of people with MS experience swallowing difficulties. Indentifying this and seeking early treatment is key. With the right informations and support, swallowing issues can be managed effectively to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle. learn more
 
PDF icon Walking (gait): Problems with gait or difficulty in walking are among the most common symptoms in MS. Gait problems are usually related to several factors; weakness, spasticity, loss of balance, sensory deficit learn more
 
PDF iconVision: . Visual problems are often the first symptoms associated with MS. More than fhalf of people with MS will experience at least one issue with vision. Identifying this and weeking early treatment is key. learn more